The World's Largest Stock Markets

Author: James Clark

The 5 Largest Stock Markets in the World

With the internet democratizing information, investors have access to more data, statistics, facts, figures, and knowledge about stock trading. This includes information about all the world’s largest stock markets. While most traders know about the New York Stock exchange and its London counterpart, other exchanges in Europe and Asia are gaining popularity as well.

In this post, we’ll talk about the 5 largest stock markets in the world. Let’s get started!

The 5 Largest Stock Markets in the World

For readers who don’t know what a stock market is, it’s simply a place where stock buyers connect with sellers (companies) in a centralized location. Trading activities have been around for over four centuries and today, there are nearly 60 major stock markets worldwide.

Let’s check out the top 5:

1. The New York Stock Exchange

May 17, 1792

Current Valuation:
$19.3 trillion

The NYSE is currently the world’s largest stock market in terms of esteem and valuation. It is located on Wall Street, Manhattan, and comprises over 2,400 listed companies from different sectors, such as healthcare, finance, retail, and energy. As of 2021, it has a market capitalization exceeding $30 trillion. Some of these companies include Walt Disney, Coca-Cola, and McDonald’s Corporation.

2. The National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations (NASDAQ)

February 4, 1971

Current Valuation:
$13.8 trillion

NASDAQ is currently the world’s second-largest stock market. It is also the world’s first electronically traded stock market and consists of tech giants, such as Amazon, Tesla, Intel, and Apple, Google, and Microsoft. Many traders refer to it as “the Mecca of Technology Companies.”

3. Tokyo Stock Exchange

January 1, 2003

Current Valuation:
$5.7 trillion

The Tokyo Stock Exchange (TSE) is Asia’s counterpart of NASDAQ. Located in Tokyo, Japan, it is currently the world’s third-largest stock market. It consists of several world-renowned Japanese giants, such as Sony, Suzuki, Honda, Toyota, and Mitsubishi.

4. Shanghai Stock Exchange

November 26, 1990

Current Valuation:
$4.9 trillion

The Shanghai Stock Exchange (SSE) is an autonomous stock market in China with a combined market capitalization of $5.01 trillion. It consists of nearly 1,000 companies, including PetroChina, the industrial and Commercial Bank of China, and the Agricultural Bank of China. Marked ‘A’ stocks are traded in Yuan, whereas stocks marked ‘B’ are priced in USD for foreigners.

5. Hong Kong Stock Exchange

February 3, 1891

Current Valuation:
$4.4 trillion

The Hong Kong stock exchange is Asia’s oldest stock market and, currently, the world’s fifth-largest one. It consists of 2.315 listed companies with a combined market capitalization of HK$29.9 trillion. Some of the largest companies include Petro China, HSBS Holdings, and China Mobile.


The 5 stock markets in our list are currently dominating the trading world due to their attachment with the world’s largest companies. Understanding the different markets can open new trading opportunities for investors looking to look beyond local exchanges and expand their trades globally.

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